Category Archives: Tribute

Tribute to Shanker by Sharda

do jism ek jaan’ – SHANKAR-JAIKISHAN – by Sharda, singer from the yesteryears

april 26, 2017, april 26, 2017, On the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the passing away of composer SHANKAR (of the famous composer duo Shankar-Jaikishan), remembrances by noted singer Sharda Rajan about her association with the ace composers.
and (in another ‘note’) a review of the compositions and the thought behind them by Prof. Suhaaschandra Kulkarni, a learned scholar, versatile musician, composer, can be called one of the ‘Authority’ to elaborate S-J’s music…

(Both the articles were published in leading Marathi daily ‘Loksatta’ Sunday edition dt 22/04/12, on occasion of Shankar ji’s 25th Death Anniversary.
link – http://www.readwhere.com/read/34436?src=fb#page/17/1
original Marathi transcription : Prasad Sanwatsarkar.
English translation : Chandu Kale)

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‘do jism ek jaan’ – SHANKAR-JAIKISHAN

It’s now 30 years since Shankar ji passed away. Time flies so fast, but the magic Shankar-Jaikishan created is still as robust as it was 68 years ago.

It is really astonishing to see the variety Shankar-Jaikishan managed to bring into their music. And since I sung under their baton, I was able to study their music. Take any song: you can easily create 25-30 more songs from its various parts. The counter-melody, side parts, changes in chords – take any factor, whether comedy, happy, mischievous, sad, emotional or Ragdari-based, they have allocated a special personality to their songs. I can think of no one else who has done this. Technology was not as advanced as it is today. If it were, I am sure Shankar-Jaikishan would have created even more wonders. That era had so many eminent composers, who all had their own specialities, Naushad ji with his Bihari and UP lilts, Madan Mohan ji with his ghazals … each one followed their own path. But Shankar-Jaikishan were the only team who managed to score well in all.

Shankar ji’s own knowledge of music was boundless. One almost felt that as soon as his hands touched the harmonium, there were so many new pieces created, even the skilled arranger Sebastian used to be baffled how to write them. Then some chosen were strung together to form a big piece. Big orchestra was something Shankar ji brought into Hindi film music.

I think Shankar ji was not just a musician, but a magician. Music flowed through his veins, in fact he was music personified.

I had never really considered music as a career. I was from a South Indian Brahmin middle class family and could never think on these lines. But I did like music and I started liking Hindi film music. There were no tape recorders and we never even had a radio, so we used to go to restaurant to listen to songs. But eventually, whenever I went shopping with my mother, I used to stop on the way when I heard some song on the radio and wouldn’t budge until the song was over.

After some years, our family moved to Teheran. Raj Kapoor i had visited Teheran to promote his ‘Jis Desh mein Gangag Behti Hai”. I used to sing songs from the radio, just as a hobby and people liked it. Raj ji heard me in a party and the connoisseur liked my singing. He invited me to Mumbai. I left Teheran and went to RK. Studio. They tested my voice and Raj Saab told me to go and meet Shankar Jaikishan. I went and met Shankar ji. He heard my voice and gave me further training. Three songs of mine were recorded for ‘Mera Naam Joker’. I was, of course, overjoyed. But later on, I don’t know what the pressures were, none of them was included in the movie.

My first hit song was of course ‘Titli udi’ from Sooraj, which fetched me an award, Shankar-Jaikishan got a Filmfare award and Shailendra ji who wrote the words, got the award for lyrics. Since this was my first song, Shankar ji had asked Shailendra not to use any difficult words for this new singer. So the song is simple, but majestic. I did not imitate anyone. It was a simple straight song, that’s perhaps why it reached the listeners’ hearts. In film songs, voice ‘acting’ is important, to show the singer’s feelings. My second song ‘Woh pari kahan se laoon’ (Pehchan), the song from ‘Shatranj’ “Bakamma badkamma ikkad poto ra’, are fun songs.“Aayega kaun yahan” (Gumnaam), “Duniya ki sair kar lo” (Around the World), “Dekho mera dil machal gaya” (Sooraj), “Le ja leja mera dil” (Evening in Paris) have a happy mood, while “Chale jana zara thehro”, “Jaane bhi de sanam mijhe” (both Around the World) are in a romantic mood, “Jab bhi ye dil udaas hota hai” (Seema), “Tum ko sanam pukar ke” (Deewana) are straight from the heart.

Shankar-Jaikishan got me to sing a wide variety of songs.The experience of my first song was memorable and pleasant. Shankar ji got me to rehearse the song for a few days before, then his rehearsal with the musicians was so perfect, that the recording was a cake walk.

Some composers used to tell their singers to sing exactly as told, but both Shankar and Jaikishan used to allow a degree of liberty to their singers, according to the singer’s voice level. They used to accept the singer’s suggestions if that would improve the effect of the song. I like all their songs, but I personally like ‘Chale jaana zara thehro” the best.

Shankar and Jaikishan were really a duo that was a single soul in two bodies. They never bad-mouthed each other publicly, but since they were not just collaborators but even competitors, that resulted in an even greater variety. This is like a husband-wife team that jointly runs a house, in spite of differences in their natures. Shankar and Jaikishan were poles apart in their natures. Shankar-ji was quick tempered. Jaikishan ji was a glib talker. He was so handsome and naturally his young fans used to mob him. Shankar ji used to treat him like a younger brother.

As to my songs, most of my songs were simple and easy. I asked them why they gave me only simple songs, not any classical-based songs. Shankar ji used to say, “Wait. We will do it when a good composition comes along”. Such a composition did indeed come along, for which I had written the words. “Pyar ka geet hoon, hoton se laga lo mujhko”, but unfortunately it never got recorded.

After Jaikishan’s demise, many started jabbering against Shankar ji. His so-called friends not only deserted him, they even turned against him. Those whom he gave their break, helped with all heart, they turned their backs on him. Those who stayed with him, could only helplessly watch the downfall. Things like friendship in the film industry are nothing but self-interest-driven PR; this is the lesson both Shankar ji and well-wishers like me learned. Shankar ji did recover to some ectent after the shock of Jaikishan’s demise, but I never saw the supremely confident Shankar ji again.

He did sign some movies later on; I was going to sing some songs. One day he called me for a meeting with some producers, but I could not attend due to an already fixed appointment. And the next day, I heard this shocking news. Shankar ji was no more. The shock was devastating.

Shankar Jaikishan absolutely ruled the world of film music, everybody knows that. Whatever the merits or demerits of the movie, their music was honest. Their popularity was so high, at many events, fans used to converge around them, rather than around the hero and heroine; I have witnessed this myself.

One cannot ignore the important share of lyricists Shailendra, Hasrat Jaipuri, arranger Sebastian and others. But their success was the reason for ill-will in many. They were indeed the idol for their fans, but there was a lot of jealousy against them in the industry,

There was a lot of variety in Shankar ji’s work. He still wanted to do a lot of work, but his sudden death cut everything short. On this anniversary of his demise, I can only say that we will continue to enjoy the immortal music of Shankar ji, but the real tribute would be to preserve this unique treasure and ensure that it reaches as many in the future generations as possible…

– Sharda Rajan

Tribute to Jaikishan by Sharda

Jaikishenji was the noblest, kind-hearted person I have ever seen. Very soft spoken, full of compassion & care for others, he would not dream of hurting anyone..As pure as his heart, he wanted his life peaceful & full of joy. He was very fun loving & liked to enjoy having chums,His favorite restaurants being Gaylord in Churchgate & Bombellis in warden roadLike a shining shooting star, he will be there among a group of people with a huge crowd standing outside, drinking the ecstasy of his darshan…I have seen him many times, sitting in Bombellis in warden road, surrounded by friends whenever I drove thru that area… Off & on I used to go & join him having breakfast & we would talk about my progress. Evenings he would be in Gaylord … I have not gone there as many times as I have gone to Bombellis because evenings I would go to S J hall … But whenever I have gone there it would be a joy ride having discussions about music & enjoying the makings of a new hit.He would check up with me about my training sessions with Guruji & in the hall.He would catch me if I had played hookey & bunked the visits to the hall …‘ I hear you are not going to the hall regularly ?……May I know why ?…. He will ask.Oh, dear …. what to say!.‘ No Jai sab, I had some work last week ….‘Don’t break the training …….Sharda,……This is not something to take lightly. Be regular …..Guruji’s training is not enough ..You need to get into the ins & outs of singing a new song in the recordings!.‘ Yes, Jai sab… I will be regular & not miss.. I better not bunk, now ..I will not be able to answer Jai sab again..‘ But you are not coming …Everyone misses you, Jai sab..‘Yes. Sharda, you know, I want to be with my friends, in the evenings.I do come sometimes, in the morning. But you are not there .‘Oh, I go in the evenings Jaisab. But I will come in the morning. Tell me when you will come .. I will come .‘ It is alright .. Haan .. tomorrow I am coming .. … in the evening. Make sure, you are there … .‘Yes, Jai sab, definitely.‘ Tomorrow ‘ was a joyous day ….‘ Jai sab, I am having this get together at my place … Please come & honor me ..I will be serving idlis!.‘ Sure .. I won’t miss the idlis for anything. .. The party was total fun, with Shankersab & Jai sab, Raj Sab & other big producers whom Shankerji had invited I was having a magic carpet ride on a ‘ Whole new world ‘He also gave me valuable lessons whenever I made a visit to the restaurants to have a training session with him ..Sitting in the seats , with tea & goodies , talk about this & that , coming to titbits & technics in singing .. Small small tips which are very valuable & very very rare treasures….. the throw of the voice , the controlling of breathing & so on He had guided me on how to bring out words in a song ….It was his Diksha that gave me the idea of how to say Titli & I applied the golden lesson at the start of the song & in all the repeats of the mukhdas..Each song has a soul spot in which you have to give emphasis…That soul word has to be brought out with a special thrust.In Titli udi the soul spot was in ” Titli “And the first punch only did the magic. Like if I had sung just plain. Titli udi .. the whole song would have been lifelessBut I applied Jai sab’s tip & sang …TT…itt li udi .. & this little punch lifted the song…And later on, I had used his technic in many songs, like in Badkamma & others. In each Enkanna I had applied the push. The punch & push if you put in the right place the song gets the life..You have to apply as much power in your voice as to how far you want to throw it, like if you want to throw a ball, so much power you apply exactly which would be needed as to how far you want to throw the ball…………. You don’t want to throw it farther than you intended!..How can I thank you, Jaisab for making my, sorry, your Titli fly high .What great updesh they both had given me….simply priceless.At that time I could not absorb all that, but during the passage of time, I had worked, researched & realized the technics & have formulated a workout program capsule .. which is easy, simple & very effective.During this period we have met very often & been together many times, at functions parties shows & on other occasions the Jaikishen lighting up the scene by his wonderful personality..Suddenly, a devilish sinister black shadow descended upon them attacking them brutally from all the sides forcing them to find a strategy……fastThey were a team & were together. In a team, everyone is involved as deeply as the other no matter what work is done by who… In a war you don’t bother who shoots the enemy, it is the force .. that force is one & anyone can shoot & the point is the war is won by the force..S J was a force & they were together in that force ….In a war, you have to place your army in such a manner as to face the enemy surrounding them & make attacks & counter-attacks..This arrangement of the army is called vyuha, which were used in Mahabharat yudh & other Indian wars. There are many different vyuhas &. the commander in chief selects the vyuha according to the reports brought by the spies as to what sort of attack enemy is planning & what vyuha they are arranging. This vyuha will cover the opposite army in a proper way piercing thro the enemy army from all the sides..Jaisab worked out a strategy, forming a half circle vyuha to face the attack, making two different routes for both of them to proceed & tackle the enemy. They made an arrangement that Shankerji will manage the side of ‘ like Sharda ‘ producers & Jaisab will manage ‘ hate Sharda ‘ producers ….. This will prevent the ‘ hate Sharda ‘ producers from going away ……..Jai sab did not want to antagonize the opposition & invite more wreaths..If no one bothered about S J making me sing if there were no angry retaliation from the opposition, why would they have to work separately? Wouldnt they have been continuing like the way they were doing, before? .Now as per the new arrangement, they both started to work separately, which created some misconceptions about their work.Jaikishenji’s heart was very komal, kind & soft. His love for Shankerji was pure & steadfast. He was not able to come to terms with this new development. His pain & hurt of standing apart from Shankerji was unbearable to him & it made him turn to drink doomsville ….He was not at all overdrinking during Shree 420. Jis desh days & others.Why would he suddenly fall prey to this habit?.Who wanted to put this noble soul in such a dilemma …who wanted him to separate from Shankerji. who wanted to break this Godly jodi?……………………..Whichever female force majboored him to stand apart from Shankerji, that force did not win, after all. He never let them win. The force had to accept defeat..He could have avoided this pain by bowing & giving in to the demand, which wanted him to break up with Shankerji & give music in his own name,…just Jaikishen .But he would never think of it ……He suffered & suffered inwardly but would not bend down..HE SHOWED THE WHOLE WORLD THAT HE WOULD RATHER DIE THAN BREAK UP WITH SHANKERJI. HE DROWNED HIMSELF IN A DISASTROUS PIT REFUSING TO BOW DOWN TO THE PRESSURES BROUGHT UPON HIM.And he went as the same Jaikishen he was in 1947 ..the darling of ShankerjiThe joy of Shanker Jaikishen … Not just Jaikishen..There are rules in war also .. You must not attack anyone in the not approved manner. But here this war was not a Dharam war .. This was an Adharam war, most devilish war. All sorts of dirty tactics were applied in this war …….Shankerji & Jaikishenji both high principled, golden-hearted persons, will not stoop so low as to fight an indecent war ..Facing all sorts of mean, dirty cunning strategies they both had a testing time…If only music directors were not given the treatment of a criminal if they made other singers sing in their movies… Shankerji would not have been made to face so many atrocities. Jaikishenji would not have been made to work separately in a suicidal plan.They would not have been made to tear their paths in order to face the tornado ………………………………….Was it so disastrous if some music director takes songs with some new singers that people should attack him with so much force & vengeance? Using all sorts of dirty lowly tactics? And people saying that Shankerji had to suffer because he made Sharda sing? As if he had committed an unspeakable crime by making Sharda sing!.If only people were not so mean & cruel but be human enough as to let others also live …have a small place in the film industry & sing a few songs …what they would have lost? Ultimately we all need nothing but 6 feet of land in the end!Instead of abetting the loving team to work separately & driving Jaikishenji into an untimely end…………Shankerji did not have an iota of an idea that how Jaikishenji is letting himself being sucked into this drink pit so precipitously. Being a teetotaller himself, his evenings were not spent in the company of double-faced chameleons & cunning scoundrelsHe was spending his time going to the hall religiously, drowning in his work, composing new new tunes & discovering new phrases in music..Only, if he had some knowledge about what was going on in Jai sab’s territory, he would have definitely discouraged Jai sab from falling in the pit & saved him…. .. won’t you prefer foes than having friends like this who push you to your doom, when you are passing thru a painful period?…….. Shankerji realized the severeness of the damage when it has taken too deep a root …..his own heartbreaking in pieces, beyond repair …..bringing tears in his never got wet eyes …Jaikishenji became the Abhimanyu in the vyuha he himself created.In the prime of his life, in the peak of his carrier, leaving the whole of India in uncontrollable unforgettable grief pulling himself away from lacs & lacs of loving hands, he goes ……………………….All the blows which Shanker sab was made to take so far did not shake him one bit … But this blow hit him hard. His iron heart cracked ……..And tears fell from his eyes for the first time ………..Don’t humans have human hearts in their chests?….Cheers …. become tears

No photo description available.

Who other than Shankar Jaikishan

INTERESTING AND IMPORTANT TRIVIA WHICH WAS COMPOSED BY Sonu Kumar & later reproduced by late Pradeep Kumar Gupta

FROM SHRI (now late )PRADEEP GUPTA A MEMBER OF shankarjaikishan group on Yahoo

photo courtesy Akhtar Jaipuri (son of lyricist Hasrat Jaipuri )


A new thread of our beloved SHANKAR-JAIKISHAN’S success is going to tell us altogether a different story. Just look at the the fabulous record of their grand success:
1. SJ left an impact on the fraternity of music directors that several music directors like LP, RDB, KA, Usha Khanna, Nadeem Shravan and Anu Malik proudly declared them as their idols;
2. Film’s having SJ music got total 27 Film Fare Awards and 2 National Awards;
3. Mohd. Rafi got six Film Fare Awards out of which 3 were for SJ songs;
4. Mukesh got 4 Film Fare Awards out of which 3 were for SJ songs;
5. Manna Dey got his only Film Fare Award for SJ songs;
6. Hasrat, Shailendra, Neeraj got all their Film Fare Awards for SJ songs;
7. Asha Bhosle got maximum Film Fare Awards under the baton of SHANKAR-JAIKISHAN (RDB);
8. Manna Dey won National Awards twice, both times for SJ songs.
Non of the music composers mentioned hereabove and others as well could out perform them in terms of no. of awards they bagged. Just do the simple calculation. LP, KA, RDB gave music atleast twice the no. of movies done by the duo, but still they all are far behind of our beloved SJ. Even the younger generation, which claims ARR to have equalled SJ bagging nine FFA is in fact far behind of them in terms of their grandeur.
HARI ANANT HARI KATHA ANANTA.
With best regards.
Sincerely yours
Pradeep Kumar Gupta

Late Pradeep Kumar Gupta a die hard Shankar Jaikishan fan

Pt. Narendra Sharma : A daughter remembers.

A DAUGHTER REMEMBERS: ‘JYOTI ~ KALASH’ by Lavanya Shah

28FEB

February 28, 2013 marks the birth centenary of noted poet and lyricist Pt. Narendra Sharma.On this occasion, Lavanya Shah, Pandit ji’s daughter shares with us some facts and personal memories of her illustrious father. Thanks, Lavanya ji.

Pt. Narendra sharma

A DAUGHTER REMEMBERS: ‘JYOTI ~ KALASH’ 
by Lavanya Shah

Like a child that climbs out of the womb of Earth and stands in awe witnessing the glorious golden Sun rays, sparkling on the highest peak of majestic Everest and remains transfixed that is the feeling flooding my tiny heart as I sit and write and remember my father, late poet Pandit Narendra Sharma.

His contribution is immense. It is spread over six decades on all the modern mass media communication avenues like Books, Films, Radio, Television and now the World Wide Web via YouTube, Facebook, etc.

For me, I confess, that my Papa was our family’s ‘Jyoti ~ Kalash’! He

remains life -giving, illuminating SUN energizing and inspiring me in spite of life’s pitfalls. I hope, his immortal poems and songs will inspires us all today and forever. So, I dedicate the song ‘ Jyoti – Kalash Chalke’ in his fond memory.

Song Link :1

We all know him for his Hindi songs but he was also an expert astrologer, Ayurvedic healer, as well as human encyclopedia on Indian History, Culture and Philosophy.

Many children were given unique names like Vihaan (Dawn), Yuti (Union), Lavanya (Grace = me :), Kunjam (Cuckoo), Sopan (chapter or ascent = My Son). Some rare names given by him include Vividh – Bharti, Manjusha, Bela Ke Phool, Hawa Mahal , Gajra, etc. for AIR , the name Dilip Kumar to Yusuf Khan & NAVKETAN for Dev Anand’s Film Production company.

A gifted child, ‘Narendra‘ was born on February 28th,1913 in village Jahangirpur, Tehsil Khurja of district Bulandshahar U.P. in a Bharadwaj Brahmin family. He lost his father Purna Lal Sharma when he was merely 4 years old and was raised lovingly by Uncle Ganpat Tau ji & Ma Ganga Devi.

A child prodigy, Narendra named thus by an uncle (a fan of Tagore) entered straight into class 7 th and was a top student in his class and favorite of Teachers. Passing Intermediate from Khurja, he joined Allahabad university and did his Masters in English Literature & Education.

The Sangam city of Allahabad introduced the budding poet to giants of Hindi literature like Niralaji , Mahadevi, Pant, Bachchan, Kedar Nath , Shamsher & many others. Narendra’s book of poems ‘Shool – Phool’ was released at age 20. With tuitions and editorial duties (he was sub-editor of Abhyudaya Hindi Daily Newspaper) he completed his studies. After graduating, he taught English & Hindi poetry at Benaras Hindu University. Then he joined the All India Congress Committee at Allahabad as Hindi Secretary to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and later as Hindi Adhikari in Feb 1955.

Narendra Sharma’s poems written in his youth, depicting love and longing and splendour of Nature steadily turned patriotic as India reached its tryst with Destiny. During AICC work he was imprisoned on direct ordinance of Viceroy and jailed without trial by the British. The patriot had august company of Menon, Kriplani, etc in Devli Detention Camp, and Rajasthan & Pune Jails. He did fast unto Death for 14 days and was force fed in order to keep him alive and released early. Mother Ganga Devi remained hungry for 1 week and awaited her son’s arrival at home.

Novelist Shri Bhagwati Charan Verma ( Chitralekha fame) arrived and asked the patriot to come

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away with him to the film city of Bombay to join Bombay Talkies under Devika Rani. Thus began the journey of a young man born near the Ganga to go towards the Arabian Sea where destiny introduced him to Susheela Godiwala, his wife to be from a Gujrati family. They got married on May 12th 1947. Their home at Shivaji park Matunga was a hub of artistic and creative activity with the likes of Panna Lal Ghosh, Pant, Anil Biswas, Dr Safdar Aah Sitapuri, Ramand Sagar, Chetan Anand, Vijay Anand, Dilip Kumar , Amrit Lal Nagar etc as regular guests.

MS Subbulaxmiji sang the Mangal-Geetam when my mother Smt. Susheela Narendra Sharma entered as a newly married bride and Sri Amritlal Nagarji’s wife Pratibhaji made Susheela stand on huge brass platter, filled with Kumkum filled water and she stepped like a Laxmi entering a home. Suraiyaji, the famous songstress, also sang songs to welcome the Bride! Other Guests in Baraat were famous Cine – stars like Sri Ashok Kumar, Dilip Kumar, music director Sri Anil Biswas, Bansuree vadak Sri Panna Lal Ghosh, director brothers Sri Chetan Anand & Vijay Anand , the famous Chhayawadi poet Sri Sumitra Nandan Pantji , Sri Ramananda Sagar ji , Urdu poet Safdar ” Aah ” sahab abd many other from Bombay Talkies and Hindi literary & film circle. Art fraternity, was also represented in large number as my mother Susheela was a Fine Arts graduate from Haldenker ‘s Institute . Their wedding card had an Easel shaped like a Lotus Leaf and a pen was inserted in the middle in form of a brush!

Narendra Sharma’s poetry blossomed along with his many film songs as years rolled on. The Progressive Patriotic tone eventually embraced the core values of humanity and paraphrased words from Indian philosophy with fascinating use of many rarely used meters in his later poems. So much so that his fellow poets said, ‘The Goddess of Poetry Mata Saraswati turned shy as a young maiden stood up from her White Lotus seat and took on the robes of Mother India and the poems of Narendra became heavy with the age old wisdom of the vedas and became extremely difficult ‘

Narendra Sharma confessed in a foreword from his Book ‘ Pyasa – Nirjhar ‘ (Thirsty Brook), “my earlier poems were the krishna paksh (waning Moon cycle) and my later poems are the transition towards Shukla Paksha (Waxing Moon)” ( Shukla paksha refers to the bright lunar fortnight or waxing moon in the Hindu calendar. [Shukla (Sanskrit: शुक्ल) is Sanskrit word for color white]

A Saint Poet in the tradition of our Bhakt Kavi Tulsi, Narsimh Mehta & Tukaram , poet Narendra Sharma remained young at heart till his last breath. He understood the changing social scene and the changing modern mind. Thus, he and Mr. Pai were first to introduce Ramayan and Mahabharat via Indrajaal comic strip for children.
 Poet Narendra Sharma who conceived, planned, programmed and named ‘Vividh Bharati’ trying his hand with the recording machine as the Chief Producer of Vividh Bharati, Akashvani_ALL India Radio.
pic courtesy :Lavanya Shah and Poet Narendra Sharma MemorialSinger Late Shri Mukesh ji recorded Ram Charit Manas under his supervision for HMV. Among many other private albums penned by Pt. Sharma are Prem Bhakti Mukti and Ram Shyam Gun Gaan. The inaugural song for 1982 ASIAD Games atNew Delhi, ‘Swagatam Shubh Swagatam’; the inaugural song for Vividh Bharti composed by Pandit Ravi Shankar; ‘Nach Re Mayura’ composed by Anil Biswas and sung by Manna Dey; two of legendry Subrahmaniyam Bharti’s poems ,’Swasti ~ Shri’ & ‘Jaynaad’ and Kannada poet Shivruddrappa’s poem ‘Purush sukta’ in Hindi as ‘Nav Bharat Purush’; ‘Surdas A Minstrel of Shri Krishna’; Tagore’s poem ‘Shei din dujone’ transformed as ‘Nain Deewaane, ik nahin maane , kare man maani maane na ‘ in Suraiya’s lilting sweet voice; and Marathee Kavi Shri Tambe’s poem in Hindi emerged as ‘ Madhu mang na mere madhur meet’ sung by Shri Sudhir Phadke for Doordarshan in a LIVE telecast from Mumbai are among the many of Pt. Sharma’s gems that glitter on.

Nineteen books of poems like the most famous Prawasee Ke Geetm (Songs of a Traveler), Hans – Mala, (Garland of Swan), Rakt – chandan ( on Gandhiji ), Agni – Shasya (Child of Fire), Kadlee – Van, Draupadi , Uttar Jai, Bahut Raat Gaye etc. and short stories like Arti ki Thali, Kadvi Mithee Baatein, and innumerable radio plays, essays, film songs, dance ballets (for Sachin Shankar : Mermaid & Fishermen), etc. have been compiled in the 16 volume Pandit Narendra Sharma’s Sampoorna Rachnawali.

His guidance for Durga Sapt Shatee ‘ sung by Anuradha Paudwal ; concepts like MAHABHARAT T.V series & title songs like ‘Satyam Shivam Sunderam ‘ and ‘ Atha Shree Mahabharat Katha’; his speeches to graduating students at IIT Powai , Mumbai on Indian alphabets, OM symbol and many others; Essays on topics like History of Hindi Film Music & ‘Hindi Sahitya ka Itihas ‘ etc. remain with us. Do please see this link:
Geet Ka Safar : Sahitya se Film tak :
Today when I remember Papaji, many moments stumble out of my memory. I have written about them at this link:

 

Courtesy : https://apnaarchive.wordpress.com/2013/02/28/a-daughter-remembers-jyoti-kalash-by-lavanya-shah/

Shankar Jaikishen : Range of their talent

By

Monica Kar


Monica Kar

Perhaps the oldest established of the three composer duos, Shankar Jaikishan got their break in Barsaat in 1949. Having worked under the very first composer duo of Hindi films, Husnlal-Bhagatram and, later, with Ram Ganguly, these two had no conventional education. Perhaps it would be correct to say that the generation of listeners born in the early ’60s were a lucky bunch who grew up on a cocktail of the compositions this duo created!

Shankar Jaikishan (Pic: Google Image Search)

There are many websites devoted to their music, millions of fans who have, perhaps, a better handle on the intricacies of their music. Perhaps musicologist Manek Premchand’s arrow hits closest to bull’s-eye when he talks about them “Keeping one eye on newness and the other eye on simplicity. Trying variations, reversing taals, reversing the start of the sthayi into avroh. Using counter-melody, taking the saxophone here, positioning the accordion elsewhere. But with all this, never losing focus of the fact that the songs just had to be listener-friendly. S-J didn’t want to compose complex melodies that were made for the sangeet gharanas. They wanted to make, and always managed to compose, tunes that you and I could listen to and sing and enjoy long after they themselves had left the film scene. This they achieved so well.”

I admit that I have never been able to classify S-J into any mold. Nor have I been able to explain to myself what it is that defines their music. If I were to put it simplistically, I’d say they are known for a truly unique combination – a teaspoon of classical music thrown in with a pinch of melody, garnished with a lilt – and voila! Another winner! Or their orchestration. Or their simply mind blowing preludes, interludes, postludes…Or… I could go on and on. But when I became enamored of their music, I knew none of this. I knew only that I loved a lot of their songs.  And even though they worked with both Hasrat Jaipuri and Shailendra together in most movies, I have chosen songs written by Shailendra, simply to reduce the variables while trying to display

the range of their talent.SJ, Raj Kapoor, Hasrat, Shailendra

Hasrat Jaipuri, Jaikishan Raj Kapoor, Shankar and Shailendra (Pic: Cinema Sangeet)

In 1963 they had four releases: Hamrahi, Ek Dil Sau Afsane, Asli Naqli and Dil Ek Mandir. All of them with their favorite poets Hasrat Jaipuri and Shailendra doing the honors. I do think it’s important here to note that none of these were RK Films. Let’s see if we can unearth the genius that was S-J using their 1963 releases as a sample of their work.

Here is more than a teaspoon of classical music: Lata’s Mann re tu hi bataa kya gaaun in Hamrahi is the cry of a forlorn heart unable to contain itself and as incapable of sharing her grief. A semi-classical touch with the mellifluous sitar prelude devoid of any other instrument, joined by a few chords and Lata’s piercing address to her “mann” starts the song. In fact after each verse, the comeback to the “mann re” is devoid of any music except these guitar chords in the background. It’s almost as if the “mann” cannot take the weight of any instrument, lest it break completely. Lata’s voice, sans any melody or percussion makes a deeper impact. The tabla, the sitar, the violins, those guitar chords, used so prudently by the duo here. To end with that plaintive cry to the “mann” – just fabulous! Shailendra’s words? Haunting.

Mann re tu hi bataa kya gaaun (Hamrahi, 1963) Shankar-Jaikishan / Shailendra / Lata

To show the melody that their music is so full of, here’s an unusual Rafi-Raj Kapoor combine from Ek Dil Sau Afsane! This duet is a shock to watch for the first time as one doesn’t associate Rafi’s voice with the Showman at all. In complete contrast to the sitar and high notes in Mann re, hear how softly this one starts off! Soft and firm. Not tentative. How attractive the repeating sound of that brush on the drums is throughout the song! A simple love song, this one depends on the waltz beat and meter and the drums to slowly steal your heart. Uncomplicated, yet rich with little touches, like how the drums start up each time the mukhda starts. How the accordion flirts with the orchestra and peeks into each verse.

And Shailendra? He makes you smile here. Notice his play on words in the mukhda? One says “my world is full of you, like a garden is full of flowers.” Complete saturation. The other says “you’re unique for me, like the moon is unique in the sky.” Only one.  A delight of a song that never grows old. You start listening and long after the song is over, you’re still humming, Tum hi tum ho

Tum hi tum ho (Ek Dil Sau Afsane, 1963) Shankar-Jaikishan / Shailendra / Lata and Rafi

Let’s elaborate a little on their ‘eye on simplicity’. The song that instantly comes to mind is one from Asli Naqli sung beautifully by Lata. In a movie that boasted beautifully penned and composed, extremely popular songs like Tujhe jeevan ki dor se, Laakh chhupao chhup na sakega, Chheda mere dil ne tarana tere pyar ka, Kal ki daulat aaj ki khushiyan, this Lata-Sadhana combine comes like the freshest air of dawn, even as it has been filmed at night. A whiff of the purest air there is. A song that combines the jubilation of falling in love with the darr of being in love! Shailendra expressing this as only he can – simply, clearly.  Lata and Sadhana both elevating this simplicity to the sublime.

The heady excitement, with the fear of losing something as valuable as one’s life partner dogging at the heel of this whirlwind of emotion.

Chahat ka hai harsu asar, Tujhko dekhun, dekhun jidhar….
Chalti hun main taaron par, Phir kyun mujhko lagta hai darr…

Hear how S-J create the effect they want.  Do you know that the eye of a storm is quite still? This is how this song feels. The steadiness of this lady’s emotion, so believable because it is so steady; in tandem with the flourish of violins that start off the song! In the interludes, we have that accordion peeping again creating that little anxiety in the waltz-rhythm of the orchestra! The verses, where the orchestra fades to give way to the heartbeat – the tabla. The result?

Kya kaha hai chand ne, jisko sun ke  chandani
har lahar pe jhoom ke, kyun ye nachane lagi

To some, the two waltz songs above may seem similar, but their treatment sets them apart. While the duet is a private whispering of sweet-nothings, the Lata solo above is the sheer joy of being alive and in love with that intoxicating and oh-so-real hint of fear that doesn’t dampen the mood…that feeling of dancing on waves, or stars, remains long after the song is over.

Tera mera pyaar amar (Asli Naqli, 1963) Shankar-Jaikishan / Shailendra / Lata

By far, the most popular, the most classical-based album that S-J came up with in 1963 remains Dil Ek Mandir. A movie that could have just remained a tearjerker had it not been for its fine music and some wonderful performances that elevated it a notch. Meena Kumari, Raaj Kumar and Rajendra Kumar, all in their best tragic costumes. What elevates the story is the character of not only the doctor, his sacrifice, but the acceptance of this doctor’s role in his wife’s previous life by the husband, in my very humble opinion. Meena Kumari as the quintessential Indian wife, deeming her husband her devta is in her element. S-J give her two solos as the wife, both undying compositions. One that reveals a little of her struggle to accept this man as her husband, having loved another – a Hasrat Jaipuri-penned poem that adds a little shade to her cookie-cutter character, and is therefore a personal favorite.

Hum pyar ke gangaajal mein *balam ji* tan-mann apna dho baitthe

Panchhi se chhuda kar uss ka ghar tum apne ghar par le aaye
Ye pyar ka pinjra mann-bhaaya, hum jee bhar-bhar kar muskaaye
Jab pyar hua iss pinjre se, tum kehne lage azaad raho
Hum kaise bhulayein pyar tera, tum apni zubaan se ye na kaho
Ab tum-sa jahaan mein koi nahi hai, hum to tumhare ho baitthe
Tum kehte ho ke aise pyar ko bhool jao, bhool jao…

The addition of that ‘ab’, whether done to balance the meter or intentionally, is a stellar touch.  I confess- what endeared this song to a younger me was that phrase, so niftily tucked into the meter – the younger me actually waiting for the second verse to hear the balam ji-part! Sometimes it’s a small thing that leads to undying love – it doesn’t always have to be something grand! 🙂

Hum pyar ke gangaajal mein *balam ji* tan-mann apna dho baitthe.

The other, Ruk jaa raat, ttheher ja re chanda, beetey na milan ki bela, written by Shailendra, an audio-visual treat, is an entreaty and a commitment all at once. An entreaty for the night to last forever. A commitment to the husband that no matter what the morning brings, her bond with him will remain eternally.

Kal ka darna, kaal ki chinta, do tan hain, mann ek hamare
Jeevan-seema ke aage bhi, aaungi main sang tumhare…

The repetition of this last sentence, almost in a whisper without instrumentation, is a brilliant touch in a composition that is replete with violins, the piano, even a faint shehnai, and a beautiful tabla.

Hasrat Jaipuri writes a beautiful piece of poetry in the title song, giving a pure heart the stature of a temple, composed so beautifully with the high notes, sung with confidence by Rafi and Suman Kalyanpur. Ahh! What ideals we grew up with! These were songs that inspired way more than Moral Science lessons ever could.

Even in a feast full of satisfying courses and dishes, there is often times one that will top the others, even if by a hair’s breadth. Here it is the Rafi-crooned regret that makes my hair stand on end each time I hear it. Not only his voice and Shailendra’s poetry, but S-J’s treatment of both. Starting so unusually with a bulbul tarang that leads into the most unusual sound of the accordion – or is that an organ?-two completely opposing sounds here! The bulbul tarang is usually employed to express excitement, joy, or at least movement. The sounds of the organ/accordion here are foreboding, as if spelling doom! More than enough to get your attention toward this Raag Kirwani offering. The sound of the very same organ/accordion ends this song, maybe to denote that nothing has changed – the memories remain, as does the love. Rafi’s voice full of unshed tears, regrets, memories and a love that will not be forgotten. Shailendra’s words, unparalleled, his imagery of days past as birds that he wishes he could cage and feed pearls, keep close to his heart – Uff!

Yaad na jaaye beete dino ki (Dil Ek Mandir, 1963) Shankar-Jaikishan / Shailendra / Rafi

Is it any wonder that yaad na jaaye beete dino ki? When melody awakened us and melody put us to sleep. When life was maybe not as exciting as it is today, but it was rich. With the talent, the passion and the commitment of people like these film makers, actors, these composer duos, singers and these poets.

Such mein…din jo pakheru hote…seene se rehta lagaye….

References:
Premchand, Manek (2003). Yesterday’s Melodies Today’s Memories. 2nd edition. Mumbai. Jharna Books.

Monica Kar

About Monica Kar

Monica Kar has her BA in English Literature from the University of Delhi. She now lives in St. Charles, Missouri, USA, where she wears many hats. While she has worked in Publishing, Retail, Education and Construction in various roles, she has been a free-lance editor since 1987, and is currently part time editor with Learning and Creativity-Silhouette Magazine. In 2015 she started writing about her first passion – Hindi film songs of the Golden Age for an online music group. She welcomes suggestions and critiques on her writing as it makes her learn and grow as a writer.

This article is taken from learningandcreativity.com/silhouette
it is part of a piece written to honor the music of 1963

Shankar Jaikishan: The magical Duo

This feature is taken from internet, that is why the blogger has not even touched misspelled words nor agree/disagree with the views shared by its writer.

Shankar Jaikishan were among the greatest musicians to have graced Hindi cinema – they were exceedingly popular and 75 per cent of their films were musical hits

Distributors play a very critical role in the film industry. There were no distributors when the first feature film, Raja Harishchandra, was released in 1913. With the advent of talkies in 1931 when Ardeshair Irani’s, Alam Ara was released, distributors became a vital force. They decided to sell the film on the basis of studios or banners. Even though films started selling in the name of actors, the films of the 1950s and 60s were sold in the name of a music duo. This magical duo was Shankar Jaikishan.

Shankar Jaikishan started their career with Prithviraj Kapoor’s Prithvi Theatre. In 1949, Raj Kapoor (Prithviraj Kapoor’s eldest son) acted in Mehboob Khan’s magnum opus Andaz with Nargis and Dilip Kumar. He was impressed by Naushad’s music in the film. Andaz was a musical jubilee hit. Raj Kapoor had decided to have music like Andaz in his next film Barsaat, the same year. Ram Ganguly was its composer. Soon, differences between Raj Kapoor and Ganguly developed and Shankar Jaikishan were brought in.

Barsaat had Lata Mangeshkar, who was trying hard to establish herself as a playback singer. Shankar had heard her earlier and brought her to give playback in Barsaat. Lata sang all the eleven numbers of Barsaat, nine solos and two duets with Mukesh. For the first time, Lata gave playback for Nargis, Nimmi and Bimla. Barsaat was a blockbuster. Its music stirred the nation. Shankar Jaikishan scaled the dizzy heights with their maiden film.

Shankar Jaikishan, Hasrat Jaipuri, Shailendra and Lata became the permanent team of R K Films. Barsaat’s music became a trendsetter. It is often said that Shankar Jaikishan gave their best to R K Films. They remained loyal to Raj Kapoor and indebted to too as he had given them their maiden break. Between 1951 and 52, Shankar Jaikishan also gave scintillating music in films outside R K Films.

Their third film was Bhagwan Das Verma’s Badal (1951) starring Prem Nath, Madhubala. Who can forget the compositions of the duo, Main rahi bhatakne wala hoon (Mukesh) Unse pyaar ho gaya dil mere kho gaya (Lata) and Dulcet duet Ae dil na mujhse chhipa kya hua (Lata/Mukesh). In the same year, Kishore Shahu’s Kali Ghata was released and the duo showed their versatility with Dil mein tu mere dil mein tu, Humse na puchho koi pyaar kya hai, Maine kya kiya sitam unke sitam ne loot liya, Ille bel laa illaa din hain pyare pyare and a romantic duet Ho madhur Milan hai sajna. The film did average business at the box office but was remembered for its hit numbers.

Shankar Jaikishan were very particular and never compromised with their singers. They gave an opportunity to C H Aatma in Dalsukh Pancholi’s Nagina. C H Aatma sang hit iconic numbers in typical K L Saigal style, Rooo main sagar ke kinare and Dil beqraar hai mera, Ek sitara hai aakash mein, Lata also sang her unforgettable sad number Tune hi mere zakhm-e-Jigar ko chhoo liya.

Seeing their popularity, legendary Amiya Chakraborty signed Shankar Jaikishan for his super hit film Daag (1952), starring Dilip Kumar, Nimmi. Shankar Jaikishan took Talat Mehmood for the first time to do playback for Dilip Kumar. They made three versions of their evergreen number Ae mere dil kahi aur chal in happy and sad versions in Talat’s voice and also in Lata’s voice.

In 1953, Raj Kapoor made a film on a Tuberculosis patient, Aah, which was directed by Raja Nawathe along with Nargis and Pran. Unlike Awara and Barsaat, the film didn’t do well at the box office. Even the re-edited version with a new end failed to impress.

In the same year, Shankar Jaikishan gave music in seven films – Aas, Aurat, Boot Polish, Mayur Pankh, Naya Ghar, Patita and Shikast. They gave enchanting melodies in these films. Zulm ki nagri mein (Lata) in Aas, Naino se nain hue chaar, Aa sun le mere dil ki pukaar, Dard-E-jigar thaher zara and Bewafa ne de diya ghum zindgani loot li (Lata) in Aurat.

Shankar Jaikishan composed a variety of songs in R K’s Boot Polish, Nanhe munhe bachche teri mutthi mein kaya hai (Asha/Rafi, chorus) Chali kaun si desh gujriya tu saj dhaj ke (Asha/Talat), a light number Lapak jhapak tu aa re badarwa (Manna De) and the title song Thehr zara o jane wale babu (Asha/Manna Dey/Madhubala Jhavri). There was also Ja re ja ranjo ghum ke andhere tu jaa (Lata) in Naya Ghar.

They gave all-time great numbers in Patita – Kisi ne apna bana ke mujhko, Mitti se khelte ho bar bar kis liye (Lata), Andhe jahan ke andhe rasre, Tujhe apne pass bulati hai teri duniya and Hain sabse madhur wo geet (Talat) and evergreen melodious romantic duets in Lata and Hemant’s voice Yaad kiya dil ne kahan ho tum. Shikast too had classical-based numbers in Raag Chandrakaush, Jab jab phool khile tujhe yaad kiya humne (Talat/Lata) and Sapno ki suhani duniya ko (Talat).

Surprisingly, in 1954, only two of their films released – Pooja and Badshah. Both the films flopped but Shankar Jaikishan gave immortal the romantic duet, set in Raag Bheem Palasi, Aa neel gagan tale pyaar hum karein (Lata/Hemant) in Badshah.

In 1955, they came back with their magical touch in Amiya Chakarverti’s Seema starring Balraj Sahni, Nutan and Shobha Khote. Their glorious gems were in their favorite Bhairvi, Suno chhoti se gudiya ki lambi kahani which starts with Ustad Ali Akbar Khan’s Sarod, and the enthralling melodies Baat baat pe rutho na, Manmohna bade jhuthe (Lata). Manna Dey’s all-time great Tu pyaar ka sagar hai and Rafi’s heart rendering Kahan ja raha hai tu ae jane wale and Hume bhi de do sahara (Rafi/Chorus) in Qawwali style.

Shankar Jaikishan, besides Raj Kapoor, worked with almost all major directors. They were in a position to dictate their own terms. They even declined the offers made by B R Chopra and V Shantaram. They did films of all genres and periods.

Shankar Jaikishan ruled the industry for more than two decades. They were at their best in creativity and versatility. If they were responsible for getting their first FilmFare Award for Sab kuch sikha humne (Mukesh) in Anari (1959) though Mukesh was their favorite, they got best of Rafi in Chahe mujhe koi jangli kahe, Ahsan tera hoga mujh par in Junglee. Ae gulbadan in Professor, Tumse se accha kaun hai in Janwar, Yaad na jaye bite dino ki in Dil Ek Mandir and Dil ke jharokhe mein in Brahmchari. After Dil Ek Mandir they started working separately, but they kept their credit intact.

Jaikishan gave scintillating melodies in Arzoo. After completing the music for Ramanand Sagar, Jaikishan left for London. When Sagar wanted to add one Qawwali, Jaikishan recommended Shankar’s name. Similarly, all songs of Teesri Kasam were recorded by Shankar.

When Jaikishan was asked to score the background music of Teesri Kasam, he realised after listening to the song that it lacked the touch of Shankar Jaikishan and suggested Shailendra, who was the producer and lyricist of the film, to include two more songs and composed two numbers penned by Hasrat Jaipuri, Mare gaye gulpham and Duniya banana wale. Though the film didn’t do well initially, it later became a Bollywood milestone.

In the 1970s, film music was changing very fast. The golden days for the trio of Dilip, Raj and Dev were over. Shammi Kapoor and Rajendra Kumar were also fading out. The new generation of Rajesh Khanna, Jitendra and Amitabh Bachchan had taken over. Rajesh Khanna preferred R D Burman but he appeared in a guest appearance and sang his iconic number in Kishore’s voice Zindgi ek safar hai suhana which was Jaikishan’s last song.

Jaikishan scummed to cirrhosis on September 1971.

In spite of differences, this was a big blow to Shankar. He didn’t take any assignment for a long period and as a result, he lost many films. Even his mentor Raj Kapoor replaced him with Laximikant Pyarelal in Bobby. Shankar’s last notable film was Sanyasi. Shankar died on April 26, 1987.

During their reign, they were also accused of plagiarism. They had copied music from Egyptian, Arabian, Italian and even tunes of Gypsy music but one thing in their defense was that they Indianised the music so well that it appeared original. They revolutionised the concept of an orchestra. They were responsible for popularising film music. 75 per cent of their films were resounding hits and many celebrated golden and silver jubilees.

They were winners of nine Filmfare Awards for Chori Chori (1956), Anari (1959), Dil Apna Aur Preet Prayee (1960), Professor (1962), Suraj (1966), Brahmchari (1968), Pahchan (1970), Mera Naam Joker (1971) and Baiman (1972). They were also recipients of Cine Goers Association Award, Bombay Film Journalist Award and Sur Singar Sansad. They were conferred the Padma Shree in 1968.

Today Shankar and Jaikishan are not amidst us but their rich legacy of music will keep them alive in memories of music lovers for many years to come.

By

Lakshmi K Tummala की फ़ोटो.

Lakshmi K Tummala
15th October 2019

चित्र में ये शामिल हो सकता है: 1 व्यक्ति, क्लोज़अप
Maestro Shankar Singh Ram Singh

We have seen people come and people go, but very seldom do we come across a person who is the most evolved and complete. His insatiable interest and amazing talent in music helped him to totally focus and dedicate his entire life for his passion. He is non other than the legendary Shankar.

The master musician was the candle that shone bright to shed light around. The kind hearted and generous human was a caring relative, modest, loyal and proud gentleman, all rolled into one exemplary human being. He was a well grounded man who did not allow his super success get to his head. By the front door of his home and in his car, Shankar kept pairs of his old shoes to always remind him of his modest beginning. For that alone, my respect for the gentlemen soared very high.

Politics and showbiz are volatile fields. You are up one day and down the other. There are no permanent relationships here, only fair weather friends. With his close friends, Shailendra and Jaikishan gone, Shankar had to face the hardships of abandonment of those whom he thought were the closest. But the brave man weathered it all. His immense strength kept him going, never having to bow to anyone, never having to compromise.

Today, on his birth anniversary, it pains me no end to think that the media had deliberately chosen to ignore the vast and best contribution that he, along with Jaikishan, had made to the music world. The banner he helped create with his buddy is ignored intentionally. People might forget the great composer, but his music will never be forgotten.

Happy Birthday, Shankar!! You will continue to live in our hearts and souls forever.