Monthly Archives: March 2020

Shankar Jaikishan still hold position of No.1

1)Shankar Jaikishan music, synonym of Indian Film music, has far reaching impact in India and outside. The cartier replica bracelet duo moulded music and musical mood of masses since 1949, and are still considered to be the best music composers from India.
The duo also contributed outside movie industry with their much celebrated albumRaga in Jazz Style, and background music for documentary Everest expeditionamong many others. If we look at the popular impact by any personalities in the Rolex Replica Watches field of music during the post independence period in India, the obvious choice is Shankar Jaikishan.

2)Shankar, the more versatile of the two, was a prolific musician with mastery over dozens of instruments, Indian classical music and dance forms. He was primarily responsible for building Shankar Jaikishan team with dedicated lyricists, music assistants, and jumbo-sized 60-pieces orchestra, and was the lead composer. On the other hand, Jaikishan was incredibly creative and legendary composer himself. He was genius of background music and romantic tunes though he too could compose songs in other genres.
During initial years, all decisions about musical engagements were made by Shankar; but both started taking up assignments cheap iwc replica separately in the late sixties.
They had sharp contrasts in personalities and physical appearances. Shankar was gym-savvy, non-drinker, and was a strict disciplinarian. On the other hand, Jaikishan was party-man and was very social. In fact, Jaikishan was mostly the point of contact for producers, directors and actors to incorporate their requests due to his friendly nature. Of course, both were great human beings, and were incredibly simple in spite of fame and richness.

Music director Shankar’s personal piano kept in National Film Archive of India, Pune premises

3)Shankar was entirely dedicated for musical innovations during his whole life; it was his diwanapan. He created diverse tunes and musical edifices beyond human imagination during his career spanning from 1949 to 1987.
Shankar’s music has a zing that makes the listener shiver with divine thrill. His music is mostly filled with strange patterns and is difficult to copy without being identified. Some example tunes ascribed to Shankar are Awara Hoon, Yahoo! Koi Mujhe Junglee Kahe, Tera Jana, etc.
Shankar used to give importance to all aspects of a song – its tune, prelude, interludes and entire orchestra Breitling Replica Watches accompanying the song. He used to emphasise on the deployment of particular instruments and the way it is done.
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Shankar’s day used to start early in the morning and to continue until midnight. He is known to create tunes for a song instantly and is regarded as the fastest composer until today.

4)Jaikishan can safely termed as the best ever composer of romantic tunes. His ability of composing background music is breitling replica uk considered unparallel even by his contemporaries.
The example tunes ascribed to Jaikishan are Teri Pyari Pyari Soorat Ko (album:Sasural), Bedardi Balma Tujhko (album: Arzoo), Yeh mera prem patra (album:Sangam), etc.
He gives major emphasis to tunes in thewhole composition. He understood the taste of masses and struck right chord.
Jaikishan was very social and used to spend his major off-time withfriends andBreitling Replica Watches partying. However, he was very particular when it comes to work and sticking to timelines of assignments.
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5)Shankar was basically from Punjab, but his initial years were spent in Hyderabad. His full name was Shankarsingh Raghuwanshi, and he was an accomplished tabla player and dancer when he came to Mumbai. Later he assisted Husnlal Bhagatram for composing music, and took up music and stage performance assignments at Prithivi theatre. His proficiency in music and dedication was highly appreciated by his pears and seniors alike.
Jaikishan,Cheap Breitling Replica whose full name was Jaikishan Dayabhai Panchal, was from a royal musician’s family of Gujurat. He was initially trained in classical music by his mother. He achieved proficiency in playing harmonium. Later he came to Mumbai, and pursued his musical interests apart from working in a factory to meet his basic needs.

6)Shankar and Jaikishan first met when both were waiting for a director outside his office seeking some musical assignment. They developed an instant bond due to similar musical interests and ambitions.
In their meeting Shankar disclosed about a requirement of harmonium player at Prithivi theatre. Jaikishan expressed his interest, and Shankar recommended his name back at Theatre. Both then became colleagues, and collaborated for music assignments at Prithivi theatre.
When showman Raj Kapoor, eldest son of Prithviraj Kapoor (owner of Prithvi Theatre), made his first movie Aag, Shankar Jaikishan assisted Ram Ganguly, who was heading the music division of Theatre and was the obvious choice as music composer of the film.
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7)While assisting Ram Ganguly in music compositions, Shankar was ambitious. He had managed to show his ability in composing music independently to Raj Kapoor. Meanwhile, the showman was looking for a new creative team for his upcoming film “Barsat”, and proposed to Shankar to become its music composer. It was a great opportunity, and Shankar and Jaikishan wanted to go together for the assignment.
The music of Barsaat was a rage across India. The music was fresh accompanied by melodious tunes; and broke all barriers of music compositions for a movie. Their favourite lyricists Hasrat Jaipuri and Shailendra got associated with them from the first assignment. They used the then struggling singer Lata Mangeshkar for eight songs in Barsat, a surprise to everybody, and also for different characters in the film, another surprise!
The Shankar Jaikishan duo had formed cheap iwc replica .

8)Riding over huge success in their first movie, Shankar Jaikishan needed more assignments to prove that Cheap Breitling Replica they were not just one-time phenomenon. They started taking assignments apart from those from Fake Cartier. Their albums of Awara, Nagina and Poonam among others established them as the leading composers-duo.
Later, music scores of Awara and Shree 420 among others became very popular abroad. Shankar Jaikishan magic spread across globe.
9) With each movie Shankar Jaikishan brought an ever fresh blend to contemporary music. They concentrated in building unique orchestra form through great exploitation of Indian, oriental and western music, and with marathon practice hours with Cheap Rolex Replica dedicated musicians. Shankar-jaikishani Orchestra was born with Sebastian De’Souza in charge there of. Rhyme section was being looked after by Dattaram, an independent and successful music composer himself. The stage was now set for a big showdown in music scene.
Shankar Jaikishan went on creating albums like New Delhi, Chori Chori, Basant Bahar, Dil Apna Aur Preet Paraye, Yahudi and Anari among others. With the sheer versatility of tunes, accompanying orchestra and perfection in subtle musical orientation, Shankar Jaikishan established their supremacy. Indian music started being identified with film music in general, and with Shankar Jaikishan music in particular.
10)
Early sixties saw Jaikishan contributing almost equal number of scores as Shankar. Both released batteries of scores and surpassed all musical norms.
Shankar-jaikishani orchestra started increasing to a jumbo size, and varieties of movies provided suitable platform to unleash their creativity to cartier replica bracelet its climax. Their music studio became a sacred place for all musicians and young composers.
11) Shankar Jaikishan started taking more assignments, but the quality remained intact. The series of albums with fast dance scores and slow romantic melodies became saleable pattern and success-movie-formula.
Shankar Jaikishan became highest paid music directors of their time. Movies attracted people to movie halls due to a mere mention of Shankar Jaikishan as its music directors
12)
With increasing work pressure, Shankar and Jaikishan started giving music independently. Lyricist Shailendra (for the next few years until his untimely death) mostly worked with Shankar and lyricist Hasrat Jaipuri with Jaikishan.
Jaikishan was then a married man and started composing music from his home whereas Shankar was working from their music studio. However, there was give-and-take in a great way, and collaboration continued.
13)

With achievement of incredible fame and signing for numerous movies (see cheap iwc replica towards late sixties), the music quality deteriorated with respect to their own standard. Non-musical phenomenon entered into their musical pursuit. To add, a series of their movies crashed at box-office. Movie producers started associating with other composers as they were charging much lesser fees and could strike an acceptance among popular masses. This saw the beginning of decline of Shankar Jaikishan brand and triggered the end of Golden Era of Hindi film music. In fact, some young composers like Kalyanji-Anandji, Laxmikant Pyarelal, and R D Burman had started getting popular attention and approval with their music being moulded in the line of Shankar Jaikishan music.
With Shankar and Jaikishan working separately, critics found it an opportunity to create an atmosphere of mistrust as both had then become the primary media attention and were susceptible then. Some of their sycophants and wrong friends started playing spoil-sport. Moreover, Shankar and Jaikishan started signing a large number of movies beyond their capacity, and made ways for their decline. However, they could hold their fort intact as the top music directors until Jaikishan’s death and desertion of their native R. K. Films banner.
14) Jaikishan fell ill and died in the year 1971. In late sixties, Jaikishan was producing more number of popular scores compared to his senior counterpart, and was ahead in the Breitling Replica Watches popularity chart during that time.

With Jaikishan’s untimely death, the Shankar Jaikishan brand received the fatal blow, and was not the same again.
15)
Shankar kept the brand name intact by Breitling Replicaretaining the name Shankar Jaikishan even after Jaikishan’s death. But situation was quite different for genius Shankar then. The year 1971 saw release of maximum number of albums by Shankar Jaikishan that were mostly done Cheap Breitling Replica by Jaikishan. But majority of them crashed at box-office, and Shankar were in terrible pressure professionally too after loosing Jaikishan.

Shankar started completing the unfinished albums signed by Jaikishan and himself. After failed albums in 1971, Shankar was not given the 60-piece orchestra for their new albums by producers citing cost reasons. The quality of music was affected in the process. Shankar too could not reconcile with the changed scenario, and many top banners including R. K. Films distanced themselves from him due to past box-office failures.

Shankar was in dilemma.

16) In spite of all odds, Shankar continued his music pursuit single-handedly and produced some highly popular albums like Beimaan (the last film awarded by Filmfare to Shankar Jaikishan), Naina, Lal Pathar, Seema (new), Vachan, and Do Jhoot among others. By then, commercial viability of Shankar Jaikishan brand was almost at stake, and Shankar’s most trusted leiutants were about to leave for greener pasture. Shankar undertook creating album of Sanyasi as entrusted by producer and director Sohanlal Kanwar.

For all technical reasons, Sanyasi remains the last major album of Shankar Jaikishan. Its scores were so popular that everybody believed that Shankar Jaikishan brand was again going to dominate Bollywood. But it did not happen – reasons were, of course, non-musical – Shankar (Jaikishan) already had their time.


17) Even after Sanyasi, Shankar continued providing music for movies though he also associated himself with TV programs in early eighties. These years also saw some novel scores being created. Notable albums during this era are Atmaram, Garam Khoon, Chorni, and Eent Ka Jawab Patther among others. But Shankar Jaikishan brand had already gone into oblivion.
18) Shankar died in the night of April 26, 1987 due to a massive heart attack as known from his family source. The world came to know about his death a day after the cremation was over.

As their public tributes, the showman Raj Kapoor attributed the musical success of his movies to Shankar Jaikishan, and singer Lata Mangeshkar termed him as the best of the best composers. But Shankar was no more.
19) Shankar Jaikishan music has a distinct character. People easily recognise a score to be of Shankar Jaikishan if it is melodious accompanied by soothing but high octave orchestra. Their music varies from fast-paced ones to very slow ones, but each one blends with orchestra well and creates an immediate bond with music lovers.
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20) It is always very surprising to know that Shankar Jaikishan experimented with 90-plus singers and 60-plus lyricists. Inspite of successful music albums with particular singers or lyricists, they used to use different people every time successfully. For example, they had successfully experimented with Manna Dey in Chori Chori and with Mukesh in Yahudi. They also used to bring newcomers and could produce amazing results like Lata Mangeshkar in Barsaat, C. H. Atma in Nagina, Subir Senin Kathputli, Sharda in Suraj, and Vishweshwar Sharma in Sanyasi among others.

21) When asked, Shankar had once told that their learning started with Indian classical music, and they went ahead for other clans of music later. However, the ease of use of both Indian classical and western music, and the depth of exploitation of both to create the Shankar Jaikishani flavour is magnificent and incredible. In fact, Shankar Jaikishan were the first to successfully experiment and blend Western, Arabian, and Latin American music into Indian musical sects.

They also had a rare ability to visualize the movie picturisation to cast the playback music into appropriate mould and frequency. Jaikishan had an unparallel acumen in background music with his best scores being Sangam and Mera Naam Joker; and he was primarily responsible for background scores of Shankar Jaikishan movies till his death. Shankar was also no less in producing background music and his notable score is Sanyasi. Both used to take just three days to complete the background score of a movie.

22)
Shankar Jaikishan gave birth to distinct persona for each actor in their movies. They created a chaplin-like tramp image for Raj Kapoor, panerai replica aggresive romantic image for Shammi Kapoor, and gentle and around-the-tree persona for Rajendra Kumar among others. The movies of respective actors carried music appropriate to their screen Wholesale led light bulbs persona invariably.
23) When Shankar and Jaikishan started as a team, it was a strategic decision that changed the musical history of India later. Though nobody knows the reason of going together for such an assignment as it is first-time ever in India, they perhaps understood the level of quality and effort required to convert a film into a master musical piece. They were aware of contemporary process of music compositions and settings, and wanted to bring a radical change to it. They were later successful in this and went on being the greatest.
The duo started building an enviable team of large number of musicians, two proficient lyricists like Shailendra and Hasrat Jaipuri, a rhyme assistant like Dattaram, an orchestra arranger like Sebastian De’Souza. These people were great in their own faculty and knew their jobs well and exactly. However, credit of entire team management and consequent success goes mostly to Shankar Jaikishan as these team members could not create the same magic with other composers when they worked outside. It is always a point of discussion about how they could bring out such perfect scores with such a huge team when they themselves and most of their musicians had not gone through systematic study of western music schools.

Shankar Jaikishan team can be compared to any professional corporate house. Their deliveries were in time and to the perfection. Team members were also paid well.
24) Shankar Jaikishan exploited and extended musical horizon in the twentieth century, and gave young Indian Republic an expression and an identity in the field of music. They became source of inspiration to almost all young composers from sixties until today. Metamorphic forms of their scores are being represented by other composers throughout the world – title song of Hollywood blockbuster Ghost World in the year 1993, a popular album in UK, and background score of a movie by legendary movie director Satyajit Ray are the notable ones among many others. The leading Indian composers-duo in seventies, Laxmikant-Pyarelal, had set the goal of being another Shankar Jaikishan throughtout their career. The album Teesri Manzil by the music composer R D Burman, cast exactly in Shankar Jaikishani mould, is still considered to be his best; in fact, he had earned direct compliments from Jaikishan for those scores.

25) Today, Shankar Jaikishan music is popular in India and abroad due to its sheer quality. However, many of their albums are not being made available by the copyright owners. Unfortunately, many of their scores are being re-packaged in the name of actors or singers without the mention of the music composers. This commercial piracy must end, and there should be genuine and consistent effort from everybody involved to keep the treasure intact and available for music lovers.
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Coourtesy : Mukund Marulkar ji.