Posts tagged ‘bollywood’

What Pyarelal-ji has to say about Shankar-Jaikishan in one of his interviews

What Pyarelal-ji has to say about Shankar-Jaikishan in one of his interview..few excerpts..

by
Arun Bajaj

 

“I love Naushad Saheb’s music, though I don’t agree with his point that one need not look beyond Indian classical music for good music. A composer has to give what the story or the situation of the film demands.

Q. Which composer would you rate as the best in the 1950’s and 1960’s..?

Look, I don’t believe in comparisons. Having said that, I would say that Laxmi-ji and I liked Shankar-Jaikishan the most. We were so fond of them that both of us used to copy all their mannerisms.

LPSJ

Q. What was it that Shankar-Jaikishan had which other composer didn’t..?

You tell me what they didn’t have. Is there a single flaw you can see in them as composers..? Is there any other composer who consistently gave good music in so many films..? Is there a single kind of music they have not made..? If Naushad Saheb composed Baiju Bawra, Shankar-Jaikishan followed with Basant Bahar. What superb music they gave for Raj Kapoor films! In fact, I’ll be honest and say that while we won the best composer award for Dosti in 1964, I liked Shankar-Jaikishan’s score for Sangam better!

And he concluded by saying that very early in their career, they had started composing separately. But in spite of their composing separately, they were able to give their music a distinct identity, a brand. That was their greatness.”

When Lata Mangeshkar saved a song and the day

Still from the movie
Still from the movie
Lekh Tandon’s historical biopic ‘Amrapali’ (1966) was India’s official entry for the 39th Oscars in the Best Foreign Language category. It didn’t go far because, as its 84-year-old director explains, Indian cinema didn’t have any standing in the world arena then. But years later, his costume designer, Bhanu Athaiya, became the first Indian to win an Oscar, sharing the award with John Mollo for another biopic, ‘Gandhi’ (1982).Back in the ’60s, to ensure that Vyjayanthimala looked the part of a royal courtesan from 500 BC who later becomes a disciple of Buddha, Bhanu visited the Ajanta caves to find references in the frescoes. While art director M R Acharekar found his inspiration in a centuries-old stone temple in Mysore.

“Raj Kapoor had planned a film on Ajanta and Achrekar saab had made 125 designs for him. Experts in London agreed they could be replicated and we replicated some of them,” says Tandon who himself took his album of stills to Yogesh Mishra, an authority on Amrapali, who reassured him that this was how Vaishali and its locals would have looked when Magadh Emperor Ajatshatru waged war, first to further his ambitions and then for the woman he loved. “Those war sequences were filmed by Dwarka Divechi at Saharanpur, with the army supplying the horses and soldiers. Many were actually wounded and one horse had to be shot. It frightened me to see jawans and horses tumbling to the ground,” adds Tandon.

He also recalls the first song that almost didn’t happen because when Raj Kapoor learnt on the morning of the recording that Shankar-Jaikishen had given ‘Kaate na kate raina’ to Tandon, he refused to part with it saying he had decided to use it in ‘Mera Naam Joker’ (1972). Cancelling the recording would be an inauspicious start so Lata Mangeshkhar urged the composers for an alternative. They had one mukhda, ‘Jao re jogi tum jao re, yeh hai premiyon ki nagri, yahaan prem hi hai puja’. “Lataji called for a harmonium and sat down with Shankar-Jaikishan to set it to tune while Shailendra was sent off to write the antaras,” says Tandon.

“Shailendra returned to Mahalaxmi Studio after a few hours saying he could come up with just three antaras instead of the usual five. Lataji assured him they were enough and Amrapali got its first song in the shortest time possible,” reveals Tandon.

Courtesy :

More snaps relating to film Pyar Hi Pyar produced by Rajaram-Satish Wagle

At the launching of film Pyar Hi Pyar Photo courtesy : Satish Wagle, Jatin Wagle

At the launching of film Pyar Hi Pyar
Photo courtesy : Satish Wagle, Jatin Wagle

Music Director Jaikishan of Shankar-Jaikishan  giving clap to the Muhurat shot of film Pyar Hi Pyar Photo courtesy : Jatin Wagle-Satish Wagle

Music Director Jaikishan of Shankar-Jaikishan giving clap to the Muhurat shot of film YAAR MERA
Photo courtesy : Jatin Wagle-Satish Wagle

Tu Pyar Ka Sagar Hai

Tu Pyar Ka Sagar Hai

By Arun Bajaj 

When man gets buffeted by destiny, when everything seems to go wrong, when a state of utter helplessness and despair overpowers, then the only recourse which men and women across centuries, countries and communities, have clung to, is Prayer. Their Gods may be different : in colour, shape.,gender,or form but the basic leitmotif in every prayer remains the same: I am helpless, I am despaired, I do not see any light in the tunnel, please rescue me from this darkness of uncertainty and give me strength. Even the greatest atheist of this world in such times sends a small prayer up there; as very often did Khushwant Singh, a certified non-believer, by resorting to Jap-ji beads when one was not looking.

Thus the pre-condition to a prayer, of necessity, is melodramatic to say the least. Occurrence of some bad event, loss of job, death of a dear one, or suffering great humiliation etc are some of the typical movie situations which prepare the ground for beseeching divine help. And if such divine help is summoned with music, accompanied by a good voice, well the chances are He might pay more attention. It is therefore no wonder that Prayers, Bhajans and Aartis form an indispensable fabric in the colourful tapestry of Hindi films.

The ten finest prayer-ditties , according to me, have been the following:

Tu pyaar ka sagar hai from Seema
Ae maalik tere bande hum from Do Aankhen Bara Haath
Tere phoolon se bhi pyaar from Naastik
Itni shakti humen dena data from Ankush
Satyam Shivam Sundaram from Satyam Shivam Sundaram
Sukh mein sab saathi dukh mein na koy from Gopi
Banwari re jeene ka sahara tera from Ek Phool Char Kaante
Jago mohan pyare from Jagte Raho
Allah tero naam from Hum Dono
Om Jai Jagdish Hare from Purab aur Pachhim

From the above Tu Pyaar ka sagar hai stands out in solitary splendor of its own for several reasons. The lyrics are a fluid invocation for a drop of compassion from the ethereal . The metaphor of an injured bird whose wings are weak, wanting to cross the vast sea is symbolic of our fractured and selfish desires which overpower the intellect. The human mind is always insistent to take a long flight to pursue its petty interests with the baggage of ego but the cosmic energy of man , caught in the crossfire, invokes the Unknown by praying: “ Ab tu hi isse samajha”. The subtext of the poetry is very clear : If God’s grace is showered, then that drop of nectar will metamorphose the greedy, and ambitious human mind. But that calls for complete surrender to the divine order and out of this surrender, will generate a sublimity which will cleanse and purify all our mundane desires.

Manna Dey sings this number like an entranced devotee. This song was probably composed keeping only Manna in mind. His deep resonant voice creates the right mood as if one is amidst the scent of joss sticks and flowers. The throw in his voice in the octave is a marvel of auditory pleasure.

The composers Shankar Jaikishan employed a chorus of voices to enhance the musical effect and used unconventional things like cowbells to re-create a temple-like ambience. The tune having all komal swars is from his favourite Bhairavi family and extremely easy to play on any wind instrument.

Once the song is over, the listener feels purged and ennobled. The pettiness of the mind is sponged off. Compassion and love overpowers and may be for few minutes you begin finding the world a good place to live in. Well, that’s what a good song should deliver !

Song – Tu Pyaar Ka Saagar Hai ..a spiritual song Movie : Seema (1955) Singers : Manna Dey Lyricist – Shailendra Music Directors – Shankar Jaikishan
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Sebastian D’ Souza – The Great Musician, The Great Arranger

Dr. Padmanabh Joshi ji with great arranger SEbastian D' Souza Photo Courtesy : Dr. P.K. Joshi

Dr. Padmanabh Joshi ji with great arranger SEbastian D’ Souza
Photo Courtesy : Dr. P.K. Joshi

 

Dr. Padmanabh Joshi ji with great arranger Sebastian D' Souza Photo Courtesy : Dr. Padmanabh K. Joshi

Dr. Padmanabh Joshi ji with great arranger Sebastian D’ Souza
Photo Courtesy : Dr. Padmanabh K. Joshi

Sebastian D’ Souza – The Great Musician, The Great Arranger

Ask who is Sebastian D’Souza and you may get as many answers as the number of people who venture to give it. Footballer ?,Electrician ? School teacher ? Fr.. Sebastian??
anything but music arranger.
Sebastian D’Souza is easily the most prolific arranger in all of Indian film music. Spanning a career from 1952 – 1974 much of it with the famed duo of Shankar Jaikishan Sebastian created scores for over 125 films and over 1000 songs.. No musical arranger of popular American music let alone Hollywood films of that period can match his output. Sebastian should have been in the Guiness book of secords.Instead a search on google hardly throws up his name.
Volume of output apart, for sheer imagination and variety of orchestrated music Sebastian stands head and shoulders above them all. Sebastian had an imagination not equaled by the same men on whom books have been written and whose names occupied the marquee in the same period Sebastian’s development of harmonic concepts extended across a wide range of Indian, Latin and western instruments to create a unique effect.
While Anthony Gonsalves started that trend, Sebastian carried it on enlarging and embellishing the concept He is largely responsible for changing the entire harmonic structure of the hindi film song to create an extremely listenable full body of sound behind the voice of the singer .And hence a major influence on that era. If you thrill in the songs of that period from ‘Aawara’, ‘Boot Polish’, ‘Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai’, ‘Sangam’,,’Mera Naam Joker’ all from the RK banner and want to hear them over and over again it is invariably because Sebastian was the hidden hand behind their creation.
It is said that Mukesh who playbacked Raj Kapoor had Sebastian select the instruments, provide the counterpoint in Shankar Jaikishan’s melodic structure and create the music behind the star crossed lover portrayed by Raj Kapoor Together with him and his rhythmic partner Dattaram the SJ duo created history. Raj it is said, was close to Sebastian and was present in every recording because Raj believed that what Sebastian did was key to his role. Take away that background music from the RK films and you will plunge into a huge void. Till the late 40s, background music to the singers voice was merely a narrow range of instruments playing the same tune as sung by the singer.There was no concept of counters, fills or cadences. Rhythms employed were very limited. The effect was sonorous. Beginning the 50s, Anthony and Sebastian changed that all.
And how did that happen? Brought up on a staple diet of operas and symphonies of Mozart, Schubert, Haydn,Tchaikovsky which he absorbed, Sebastian employed harmonic variation with telling effect on to hindi film music. Sebastian came to Bombay in search of work from across the border post 1947 and stumbled into hindi films. Before that he was a big band leader in hotels from Allahabad to Mussorie to Lahore where he earned a name for leading the most popular orchestra of that time at the Stiffles hotel.
Starting as a violinist he moved up rapidly. O P Nayyar gave him his break as an arranger with C H Atma’s “Pritam Aan me lo” and later in the film ‘Aasman’. With O P he forged a super relationship and what followed is still on many lips ;the songs and the music from ‘Aar Paar’ ( Sun sun sun sun jalim’), Mr & Mrs 55’( Udhar tum hasin ho idhar dil jawa hai’), Howrah Bridge (‘ Mera naam chin chin choo,chin chin choo’) and so many more….each a classic not equaled fifty years after their time. Creativity such as this is genius and geniuses are sometimes known to be irregular, erratic and difficult with time being their first victim. Not so with Sebastian who was known to be regular, consistent, methodical and disciplined. With strong writing skills, he invariably created and translated what was going in his head into written scores on the spot in the studio for the orchestral sections and the soloists and adjusted them while rehearsing. Usually, one song took a day .But it is said that on one occasion Sebastian
created 5 songs in a day traveling to different studios across the city .
But these are just snippets. Take another glance at his history sheet .Consider these; ‘Aaja sanam, madhur chandni mein hum’;,’Yeh raat bheegi bheegi’ from Chori Chori. ‘Teri yaad dil se bulane chale hum’ from ‘Hariyali aur Rasta’. ‘Dost dost na raha’ from ‘Sangam’, ‘Aae malik there bande hum’ from ‘Do Aankhen Bara Haath’, Aaja re.. pardesi’ from Madhumati.’Aansoo bahri hain yeh jeevan ki raahen’
From N Dutta’s Chandni ki Deewar’ listen closely to Talat’s song ‘Ashkon ne jo paya hai’. The violins play in three sections, embellished by a vibraphone and cellos behind Talat’s voice. The sadness of the lyric is captured in one of the most poignant violin solos in the annals of hindi film music.
It is said that Jaikishan was so taken up with Sebastian’s counters and fills he put together all of those and hey presto he had created a brand new song. Sebastian worked tirelessly till 1974. The advent of Bhappi Lahiri and styles of that kind did not call for his skills. A self effacing man who spoke less and did more, he quietly retired to Goa and began a new life teaching children, away from the stars and the greats whom he had helped create .Little did the children whom he taught quietly, know that they had the wisdom and experience of an all time great. Shocked they were, when journalists, musicians and aficionados of the music world would descend on Sebastian’ s modest home to sit at the feet of the man and reminisce. As the children grew up they were amazed that he was the same person behind all those wonderful songs.
When he died, he instructed that no money be spent on his funeral and all that was saved should go to charity; such is the modesty of greats. Sebastian left behind a rich musical legacy which will live into generations after his time. As so often happens to modest, silent and quiet achievers in India, he received no honours from the city of Bombay where he lived created and worked but a belated award from his home state of Goa.
Thanks to Ajay Kanagat ji

Raja ki aayegi baraat

critique.

List of songs sung by Manna Dey for Shankar-Jaikishen

Today I am presenting singer MANNA DEY songs under baton of ShankarJaikishan  from AWARA to Nain mile chain kahan (1951 to 1987). Total 72 songs are sung by Mannadey ji.

Mukund Marulkar

1) Tere binaa aag ye chandani too aa jaa-lata,chorus-shailendra. AWARA-1951
2) Lapak jhapak too aa re badaravaa-chorus-HJ BOOT POLISH-1953

3) Raat gayee phir din aataa hai-asha,chorus-Deepak. BOOT POLISH-1953

4) Thahar zaraa ojaane waale baaboo-asha,madhubala jhaveri-shailendra BOOT POLISH-1953

5) Tujhe rukanaa naheen tujhe jhukanaa naheen-Deepak. BOOT POLISH-1953

6) Too pyar kaa sagar hai teree ek boond ke pyaase ham-chorus-Shailendra. -SEEMA-1955
7) dil kaa haal sune dil waalaa –chorus-shailendra  Shree 420-1955-

8) Pyaar huaa iqraar huaa hai pyaar se phir kyon darataa hai dil-lata-shailendra Shree 420-1955

9) Mud mud ken a dekh mud mud ke-asha,chorus-shailendra. Shree 420-1955-

10)Sur na saje kyaa gaaoon main-shailendra BASANT BAHAR-1956

11)Bhay bhanjanaa vandanaa sun hamaaaree-shailendra BASANT BAHAR-1956

12)Nain mile chai kahaan dil hai waheen too hai jahaan-lata-shailendra BASANT BAHAR-1956

13)Ketakee gulaab joohee champak ban phoole-bhimsen Joshi-shailendra. BASANT BAHAR-1956
14)Ye raat bheegee bheegee ye mast fizaayein-lata-shailendra CHORI CHORI-1956

15)Jahaan main jaatee hoon waheen chale aate ho-lata-shailendra CHORI CHORI-1956

16)Aajaa sanam madhur chaandanee mein ham-lata-HJ CHORI CHORI-1956

17)Panchhee banoon udtee phiroon mast gagan mein-lata,chorus. CHORI CHORI-1956
18)Kah do jee kah do chhupaao na pyaar-lata-HJ. KISMAT KA KHEL-1956

19)Chale sipaahee dhool udaate kahaan kidhar koee kyaa -chorus-shailendra. RAJHATH-1956
20)Din albele pyaar kaa mausam chanchal man mein toofaan-lata-HJ. I)BEGUNAH-1957
21)Samaan ye pyaar kaa bahaar ke ye mele-asha-shailendra BAAGHI SIPAAHI-1958

22)Chinchan pappulu chhuee muee main chhoo na-asha,chorus-shailendra BAAGHI SIPAAHI-1958

23)Obaraham tere sitam hamper honge kab tak -lata,chorus-shailendra. BAAGHI SIPAAHI-1958
24)Nineteen fiftysix nineteen fiftyseven-lata,chorus-shailendra. ANARI-1959
25)O kale anaar keen a itnaa sataao pyaar karneki koee reet bataao-asha-HJ. CHHOTI BAHEN-1959
26)Suraj zaraa aa paas aa aaj sapnon kee rote pakaayeinge ham-chorus-shailendra. UJALA-1959

27)Ab kahaan jaayein ham ye bataa ae zameen-chorus-shailendra UJALA-1959

28)Jhoomataa mausam mast maheenaa chaand see gore eek haseenaa-lata-HJ UJALA-1959

29)Chham chham lo suno chham chham-lata,chorus-shailendra. UJALA-1959
30)Hai aag hamaare seeneme ..hambhee hai tum bhee ho dononhai aamne saamne- with lata,geeta,mukesh,mahendra,chorus-shailendra. JIS DESH MEN GANGA BAHETI HAI-1960
31)Pahle murgee hue thee ki andaa zaraa soch ke bataanaa-shailendra KROREPATI-1961

32)Aap huye mere balam main tumhaaree hyee-lata-shailendra.  KROREPATI-1961
33)Ye umar hai kyaa rangeelee ye nazar hai kyaa nasheelee-asha,usha-HJ. PROFESSOR-1962
34)Chaau chaau bambeeaanaa ishq hai maraz puraanaa-chorus-HJ. RUNGOLI-1962
35)Dil ko baandhaa zulf kee zanjeer se-HJ ZINDAGI-1964

36)Muskuraa ladle muskuraa koee bhee phool itnaa naheen khoobsoorat-shailendra ZINDAGI-1964

37)Ham dil ka kanwal deinge jisko hogaa koee ek hazaaron-lata,chorus-shailendra. ZINDAGI-1964

38)Aankhon aankhon mein kisee se baat huee-lata,asha-shailendra JANWAR-1965
39)Main tere pyaar kaa beemaar hoon kyaa araz karoon-HJ. LOVE IN TOKYO-1966
40)Dekho dekho madam suno jo kah chale ham-rafi-shailendra. PYAR MOHABBAT-1966
41)Chalat musaafir moh liyaa re pinjade waalee muniyaa-chorus-shailendra. TEESARI KASAM-1966
42)Aao aao aate kyon naheen jaao jaao jaate -rafi,chorus-shailendra. AROUND THE WORLD-1967
43)Aaye hai badee door se mehfil mein shamaa chamkee-rafi-HJ. GUNAHON KA DEVTA-1967
44)Dil kee girah khol do chup na baithokoee geet gaao-lata-shailendra RAAT AUR DIN-1967
45)Jhanak jhanak toree baaje paayaliyaa preet ke geet sunaaye paayaliyaa-HJ MERE HUZOOR-1968
46)Aa zaraa aaj to muskuraa lein ye hansee ye khusheei-kishore-SH Bihari. BHAI BAHEN-1969
47)Kaal kaa pahiyaa ghoomein bhaiyaa laakh tarah insaan chale-Neeraj. CHANDA AUR BIJLI-1969
48)AE dost mere maine duniyaa dekhee hai –rafi-Rajendrakrishna in PART-1and 2 SACHAAI-1969
49)Aajaa re aajaa more sajan aa sapnon kee paalkee mein  aa-lata-RKrishna. JWALA-1970
50)Ae bhaaee zaraa dekh ke chalo –Neeraj in Part-1,2 and 3. MERA NAAM JOKER-1970

51)Kaate naa kate rainaa more laage unase nainaa re-asha-shailendra.  MERA NAAM JOKER-1970

52)Kyoon maaraa meree bhains ko dandaa kyoon maaraa-chorus-HJ. PAGLA KAHIN KA-1970
53)Haar gaye are too hai buddhoo brahmachari -asha,kishore,sharda,chorus-neeraj EK NARI EK BRAHMACHARI-1971
54) Aao hilmil ke nacho re aayaa apnee nagariyaa mein –suman,chorus-SH Bihari. JAANE ANJAANE-1971

55)Chhamchham baaje re paayaliyaa raah chalet lachke panihaaree-SH Bihari. JAANE ANJAANE-1971
56)Dekhiye to kyaa ajeeb haal hai sochiye to kyaa ajeeb baat hai-Neeraj. KAL AAJ AUR KAL-1971

57)Re man sur mein gaa koee taar besur na bole-asha-neeraj LAL PATTHAR-1971
58)Khaamosh ye aasmaan hai ye kaun hai jo besahaaraa hai-asha,mukesh,mehmood,aruna irani,shahu modak,chorus-anand bakshi. MAIN SUNDAR HOON-1971
59)Hamne ye soch kar pyaar kiyaa ki pyaar se achchaa koee kaam -rajendrakrishna. PREETAM-1971

60)Ye insaaf huaa duniyaa se ae yaar safaachat-chorus-Rajendrakrishna.  PREETAM-1971
61)Bhagwaan ke ghar mein sab kuchh hai-chorus-Neeraj. YAAR MERA-1971
62)jalaa do duniya yahee duniya hai to duniyaa ko jalaa do-rafi,chorus-kaifi azmi. RIVAAJ-1972
63)Jiyaa mein laagaa more baan preet kaa ghaayal hai armaan preet kaa-HJ. ARCHANA-1973
64)Ek thaa raajaa ek thee raanee dil ke tukde sun le -HJ. In PART-1and 2. DAAMAN AUR AAG-1973
65)Bolo siyaavar raamchandra kee jai hai jag mein jiskaa -chorus-neeraj. RESHAM KI DORI-1974
66)Raatein bhee guzaaree din bhee gaye mehboob se milanaa paaye ham, muhobbat ne ae dil kahaan laake maaraa-usha,mahendra,chorus-M G Hashmat. DO JHOOT-1975
67)Kyaa maar sakegee maut use auron ke liye jo -chorus-Indeevar. In part-1 and 2. SANYASI-1975
68)Are yaar mere kee mast haveli.jo raste mein aaye -ameetkumar-M G Hashmat. ATMARAM-1979
69)Hanskar hansaa mastee mein gaa kal hogaa kyaa bhool jaa-chorus-shailendra. FILM HI FILM-1983
70)Qayaamat kisko kahte hai zaraa thaharo -asha,rafi,usha,chorus-Mahendra Dehlvi. INTEQAAM KI AAG-1986
71)Gori dulhan ban gayee kar solah singaar dulhe kaa -sudhakar sharma. In two parts. GORI-1987
72)Dil kee har cheez machal uthee aaj -rafi,preeti Sagar. NAIN MILE CHAIN KAHAN- (Unreleased )

Mukund Marulkar ji

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